MPBSE - 8 - Science :: Natural phenomena and safety measures

From evidyaloka
Jump to: navigation, search

Go To: MPBSE-Science-Grade 8

Stream of science - Environmental science

Concept -Natural phenomena and safety measures


Brief introduction of the concept

Natural phenomena refer to events or occurrences that happen in the natural world, such as earthquakes, hurricanes, thunderstorms, and volcanic eruptions. While these phenomena can be fascinating to observe, they can also be dangerous and cause harm to people and property.

To ensure safety during natural phenomena, it is important to take certain precautions. Here are some safety measures for different natural phenomena:


  • Drop, cover, and hold on when the ground starts shaking
  • Stay away from windows, shelves, and heavy furniture
  • If outdoors, move to an open area away from buildings, trees, and power lines
  • If in a car, pull over to a safe location and stay inside until the shaking stops.


  • Evacuate if you are in a low-lying area or live near the coast
  • Secure your home by boarding up windows and doors
  • Have a supply of food, water, and medications that can last for several days
  • Listen to local officials for updates and instructions.


  • Stay indoors and avoid using electrical appliances during a thunderstorm
  • Avoid standing near trees, metal objects, and bodies of water
  • If outdoors, move to a safe indoor location or inside a car with the windows closed.

Volcanic eruptions:

  • Follow the instructions of local authorities and evacuate if necessary
  • Wear a face mask to avoid breathing in volcanic ash
  • Stay indoors and keep windows and doors closed
  • Cover outdoor water sources to prevent contamination

By following these safety measures, we can reduce the risk of harm during natural phenomena and stay safe.

Importance of the concept

The concept of natural phenomena is important for students because it helps them understand and appreciate the natural world around them. Natural phenomena are events that occur in the natural world, such as weather patterns, natural disasters, and the behavior of animals and plants. By studying these phenomena, students can gain a deeper understanding of how the world works, and how humans can interact with and impact the natural environment.

Additionally, learning about safety measures related to natural phenomena is crucial for students in this age range. Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, hurricanes, and wildfires, can have devastating consequences for people and the environment. By understanding how to prepare for and respond to these events, students can help keep themselves and others safe.

Some important safety measures to teach students include:

Evacuation procedures:
Teach students how to evacuate their home or school in the event of a natural disaster. This may involve identifying safe evacuation routes, packing a go-bag with essential items, and knowing where to go for shelter.

Sheltering in place:
In some situations, it may be safer to shelter in place rather than evacuate. Teach students how to prepare a safe room or area in their home for sheltering in place, and what supplies they may need.

Emergency supplies:
In the event of a natural disaster, it may take time for emergency responders to arrive. Teach students how to prepare emergency supplies, such as food, water, and first aid kits.

Understanding warning systems:
Many natural disasters are preceded by warning signs, such as sirens or emergency alerts. Teach students how to recognize and respond to these warning systems.

By teaching students about natural phenomena and safety measures, educators can help prepare them to be responsible and informed citizens who are equipped to navigate the natural world and its challenges.